STABILIMENTO DI CASSANO
textile mill / Cassano d'Adda / 1842 - 1995 / 2005, 2006, 2007
This historical textile mill dates back to 1840, when Paolo Battaglia decided to establish here a little linen processing factory using the water of the river Adda as primary energy source. Basic engineering and technical knowledge were imported from England, as well as the design of the plant - three parallel multistory buildings connected by six perpendicular smaller ones. In 1847 the factory was sold to Ditta Cusani, which introduced hemp spinning and weaving facilities. A turning point was signed by the arrival of LCN-Linificio Canapificio Nazionale, which acquired the plant in 1873. Founded in the same year by Andrea Ponti, LCN became soon the largest Italian hemp and linen manufacturing company with main production sites in Cassano, Fara Gera d'Adda and Crema.
During the first decades of the 20th century LCN expanded significantly beyond the national borders and openend several commercial offices around Europe and South America. In 1927 the Cassano mill was provided with a hydroelectric power plant (named after its designer Pietro Rusca). Further developments occurred during the autarchy regime in late 1930s. However, the rise of synthetic textiles in the 1950s-60s led the company to alienate some smaller production sites. In this scenario, the Cassano mill was heavily downsized but maintained its key-production, i.e. naval ropes. The LCN financial situation worsen during the 1980s and, after the takeover by Marzotto group in 1986, the remaining Italian production sites were replaced by new ones in Tunisia and Lithuania. After 154 years of continous activity, in 1994 also the Cassano mill closed its gates.
Cassinotti, C. et al (2007), Ricordi dal Linificio. Documenti e testimonianze del Linificio Canapificio Nazionale di Cassano d'Adda, Marna, Barzago.