mine (coal) / Quierschied / 1887 - 2000 / 2010
The Göttelborn mine was opened in 1887 by the Königlich-Preußische Bergbehörde (Royal Prussian Mining Authority) and, at the time, it was equipped with two shafts (I, II). Further improvements occurred in the 1920s, when Saarland was under the control of France: a new 24 m-tall headframe was installed above shaft II (1920) and a third shaft (III, 1925-26) was opened. In 1935 the German state-owned company Saargruben AG was created, with the aim to manage the regional coal mining business. As a consequence, Göttelborn mine was largely renovated with a modern, functional layout and Bauhaus architectural style. During the Second World War a forced labor camp was established just outside the mine, home of several Russian prisoners employed in digging activities. In 1945 Göttelborn went back in French hands (Régie des Mines de la Sarre). In the early 1950s the mine reached the highest rate of employment with 4309 workers and almost 2 millions of t/y of delivered coal. In 1957 back to Germany again: Saarbergwerke AG was created. Several improvements during the 1960s and 1970s led Göttelborn to be one of the leading coal mines in the whole Saarland. A further expansion took place in 1990, when the impressive 1160 m. Its 90 m-tall white headframe is still today the highest existing in the world. However, during the 1990s the loss of competitiveness of coal as energy source became evident in Germany. Once DSK-Deutsche Steinkohle succeeded to Saarbergwerke AG in 1998, a closure for Göttelborn was prospected. The process ended up in 2000. At the present state, a plan for reconverting the site into a cultural park is carried on by the government-funded company Industriekultur Saar.
Göttelborn vor Ort (1992, Telefilm Saar), short documentary movie about everyday mining activity in the underground.