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aluminum smelter / Porto Marghera (Venezia) / 1964 - 1993 / 2005, 2007


Aluminum smelting played a key-role in the development of Porto Marghera, the industrial harbor of Venice. The first smelter was opened In the late 1920s by SAVA-Società Anonima Veneta Alluminio. In 1964-68 the same company opened a second, larger one in Fusina, within the southern expansion zone of the harbor. This modern smelter was provided with a huge electrolysis hall (800 meters -long), a foundry and an oil-fired power station. The overall capacity of primary aluminum was about 30000 t/y. In 1973 half of SAVA stocks were taken over by the public holding EFIM. The latter developed an ambitious plan of expansion for Marghera aluminum production system (5 plants), foreseeing a quadruplication of the Fusina smelter. However, such a plan was never realized due to the global energy crisis and following aluminum industry negative reshaping. During the 1980s the smelting activity at Fusina was slowly reduced, as the decrease of employees shows: from 3000 in 1975 down to 205 in 1988. In the same year EFIM proceeded to the acquisition of the remaining shares of SAVA, transferring the smelter to a newborn subsidiary called Alumix. Permanently in loss, Alumix was subject to severe cuts in early 1990s. These interested the Fusina smelter: almost inactive, it was definitively closed in 1992 and dismantled.










Early photographs taken at the power station during a cold winter in 2005.








Barizza, S., Resini, D. (2004), Porto Marghera. Il Novecento industriale a Venezia, Vianello Libri, Venezia.



Colombo, P., Failla, G. (1966), I nuovi stabilimenti della SAVA. Geotechnical considerations about the construction of the Fusina plant.

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