Duisburg / 2006, 2010
The landscape of one of the most industrialized regions in Europe, the Ruhrgebiet, has completely changed during the last thirty years. Coal-based heavy industry is largely disappeared, except for Duisburg, the former main steelmaking centre of the region and, today, the only one left true industrial city. Stretched along the Rhine and grew up around steel mills, Duisburg's cityscape is stil dominated by blast furnaces, chimneys and gas holders. Appearances aside, the overwhelming "third landscape" - the residual urban space spontaneously occupied by nature, according to Gilles Clément - reveals that the process of deindustrialization is going on, even here.